What is Type 1 Diabetes (T1D)

Type 1 ( also known as insulin dependent) and T1D. This condition occurs when the pancreas doesn't make enough of the hormone called insulin.  Type 1 is one of the most common chronic disorders of childhood.  Unfortunately, it is increasing in incidence, particularly in young children.  The reason for this is unknown.  It is also the most common form of diabetes to occur in people under age 40.

You CAN'T catch diabetes, like a cold.  Type 1 is also not caused by eating too much sugar.  The risk factors that seem to be important  in why a person develops type 1 seem to be

1. inherited

2. self allergy (autoimmunity)

3. environmental damage ( e.g. from a virus or chemical)


Diabetes is a serious, chronic disease that impairs the body's ability to use food.  Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, helps the body convert food into energy.  In people with diabetes, either the pancreas doesn't make insulin or the body cannot use the insulin properly.  Without insulin, the body's main energy source- glucose- can't be used as fuel.  Rather, glucose builds up in the blood.  Over many years, high blood glucose levels can cause damage to the eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart and blood vessels.